Maa-naa-xe or California Wild Rose, Wood Rose and Nootka Rose
Three native varieties of rose grow throughout Tolowa Dee-ni’ Nation aboriginal territory. One of the three, California wild rose grows from the coast to the mountains up to 6000 feet elevation. Rose flowers attract pollinators such as butterflies. Songbirds nest among the rose stems. Wood rose re-sprouts after a low-intensity fire. Rose hips are the fruit of the rose plant that forms after pollination of the flowers. Rose hips occur from spring through fall, depending on forest conditions and weather. Rose hips are used for tea, syrup, jelly, beverages, pie, bread, wine and soup. To prepare rose hips; remove the blossom ends and strain out the inner seeds and hairs, although some hairs and seeds may end up in the finished product. Fresh rose hips contain calcium, phosphorous, iron and Vitamin C but the vitamin C content declines after drying, processing or storage of the hips. Rose hips are eaten for stomach disorders including stomach spasms, stomach acid deficiency, preventing stomach irritation and ulcers, and as a “stomach tonic” for intestinal diseases. Rose hips are also used for diarrhea, constipation, gallstones, gallbladder ailments, lower urinary tract and kidney disorders, fluid retention (dropsy or edema), gout, back and leg pain (sciatica), diabetes, high cholesterol, weight loss, high blood pressure, chest ailments, fever, increasing immune function during exhaustion, increasing blood flow in the limbs, increasing urine flow and quenching thirst. Rose hips applied to the skin are used to treat stretch marks. Always ensure the area your harvesting has not been sprayed with pesticides.
Removal Instructions for the Invasive Plants
Uruguayan Pampas Grass and Purple Pampas Grass
Pampas Grass in an invasive grass from South America. Pampas grass grows in dense clumps and out-competes native plants. Repeated mowing kills some small pampas grass plants. Large pampas grass plants should have the roots completely dug out. Return to the plant the next season to finish digging up any remaining roots that have re-sprouted. The best hand tools for digging out pampas grass includes a shovel with a spade head, a pulaski which is often used by wildland firefighters, pick mattock also referred to as a pickaxe, or a rakehoe also referred to as a McLeod. Pampas grassroots will dry out and die as long as they cannot access moist soil. To dry and kill roots, the pulled-up pampas grass plants can be placed on a tarp or hung in a tree so that the roots do not touch any soil.
For more information contact the Natural Resources Department, Cynthia Ford or Kagat McQuillen, 707-487-9255 ext. 1701, 1155