What is Diabetes?
The body does not produce or properly use insulin. Insulin is a hormone that allows the body to use glucose for energy. The body produces glucose from the food you eat.
Types of Diabetes
• Type 1 diabetes: Usually diagnosed in children and young adults
• Type 2 diabetes: Most common form and most often diagnosed in adults
What is Pre-diabetes?
Comes before type 2 diabetes and blood glucose are higher than normal, but not yet diabetes. Most people with pre-diabetes don‘t know they have it.
The Scope of Diabetes:
• Nearly 26 million Americans have diabetes including 7 million who don‘t know it
• Nearly 2 million new cases of diabetes are diagnosed each year
• 79 million Americans have pre-diabetes
• Recent estimates project that as many as 1 in 3 American adults will have diabetes in 2050 unless we take steps to Stop Diabetes.
You are at Increased Risk for Diabetes if:
• You are overweight.
• A parent, brother or sister has diabetes.
• You are African American, Hispanic/Latino, Native American, Asian American or Pacific Islander.
• You had a baby weighing more than 9 pounds or had gestational diabetes.
• You have high blood pressure.
• You have low HDL (good cholesterol).
• You have high triglycerides.
Diabetes Complications & Preventing Complications:
Diabetes complications include but are not limited to; heart disease and stroke, kidney disease, amputations, and blindness. By managing the ABC‘S of diabetes, people with diabetes can reduce their risk of complications
A stands for A1C (a measure of average blood glucose)
B stands for Blood pressure
C stands for Cholesterol
Meal Planning & Exercise:
Work with a dietitian to develop your own, personalized meal plan to help you lose weight if needed, and choose foods low in fat. Include a variety in your food choices (whole grains, vegetables, fruits, meats and dairy). Learn how to count carbohydrates (carbs).
A little bit of exercise goes a long way; Try being more active throughout the day by working in the garden, playing with your children/grandchildren or try taking the stairs instead of an elevator or escalator. You should work up to at least 30 minutes of walking on most days; you can even split this into a 10-minute walk after each meal.
Native American Statistics:
Years ago, Native Americans did not have diabetes. Elders can recall times when people hunted and gathered food for simple meals. People walked a lot. Now, in some Native communities, one in two adults has diabetes. Consider these sobering statistics from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Indian Health Service:
• 2.2 times higher— Likelihood of American Indians and Alaska Natives to have diabetes compared with non-Hispanic whites
• 68%— Percent increase in diabetes from 1994 to 2004 in American Indian and Alaska Native youth aged 15-19 years
• 95%— Percent of American Indians and Alaska Natives with diabetes who have type 2 diabetes (as opposed to type 1 diabetes)
• 30%— Estimated percent of American Indians and Alaska Natives who have pre-diabetes
American Indians and Alaska Natives are clearly at greater risk. Educate yourself on how to prevent type 2 diabetes if you don’t have it now, or how to effectively treat it if you’ve been diagnosed. Learn about the American Diabetes Association’s programs designed for the Native American com-munity at diabetes.org. For more information on how you can help stop diabetes call 1-800-DIABETES or visit stopdiabetes.com